The Temperature on Earth Is Now 2 Degrees Higher Than It Was in Pre-industrial Times

The Temperature on Earth Is Now 2 Degrees Higher Than It Was in Pre-industrial Times

The global average temperature of a day has, for the first time since the beginning of records, exceeded two degrees above the pre-industrial level. The EU’s Copernicus Climate Change Service confirmed that, according to preliminary data, on November 17th, the temperature surpassed the average for that day from 1850 to 1900 by 2.06 degrees.

In comparison to the period from 1991 to 2020, the temperature for the day was 1.17 degrees higher. Copernicus emphasized, “It is important to clarify that this does not constitute a violation of the Paris Agreement but underscores our proximity to the internationally agreed-upon limits.

During the 2015 World Climate Conference in Paris, countries globally agreed to limit global warming to below 2 degrees, preferably even to 1.5 degrees. This pertains to long-term values and not individual days, months, or years.

The decision’s background is the catastrophic consequences of global warming, such as increasingly frequent and severe storms, droughts, floods, and wildfires. The past months have witnessed a series of temperature records, and according to experts, the year 2023 is expected to be the warmest globally since the beginning of records. As of the end of October, the average temperature, according to Copernicus, was 1.43 degrees above the pre-industrial average.

The value from November 17 represents the largest deviation from the estimated average for a day in the pre-industrial era—not the highest absolute temperature, as reported by Copernicus, based in Reading, England.

The record for the warmest day (and month) still stands in July of this year, as significantly higher temperatures were observed during the northern summer. Simultaneously, it was stated, “As we approach the 1.5-degree limit set in the Paris Agreement, we anticipate increasingly frequent temperature anomalies in the coming months and years, exceeding the 1.5 and 2-degree limits compared to pre-industrial levels.

Carlo Buontempo, the Director of Copernicus at the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), remarked, “Global temperature records are being broken with alarming regularity.” The exceeding of the 1.5 or 2-degree limits was expected due to global warming but still has alarming consequences, Buontempo stated about one and a half weeks before the start of the 28th World Climate Conference (COP28) in Dubai.