Distinguishing a grasshopper from a locust or a cricket goes beyond relying solely on color. Both green grasshoppers and gray locusts exist, and vice versa. Size isn’t a reliable indicator either. In reality, there are numerous species of grasshoppers, locusts, and crickets, each displaying distinct characteristics.
It’s important to note that crickets, locusts, and even grasshoppers are melodic insects. In the case of the first two, it’s the male individuals that generate sounds through the friction of their wings. Among grasshoppers, females also participate in singing, producing sounds by rubbing their legs against their wings.
Exclusively herbivorous, grasshoppers solely consume plants. In contrast, locusts demonstrate omnivorous or carnivorous tendencies, while crickets exhibit omnivorous or detritivores behaviors.
Grasshoppers Have Short Antennae
The initial distinguishing visual aspect that sets grasshoppers apart from crickets and locusts pertains to their antennae. Grasshoppers fall within the suborder Caelifera under the Orthoptera order, denoting “straight wings.” Members of this suborder possess stubby and robust antennae. On the other hand, crickets and locusts belong to Ensifera, characterized by their elongated and slender antennae.
Differences Between Crickets and Locusts
Now, let’s differentiate between crickets and locusts. Begin with color, if possible, as there are no green-bodied crickets. The hind legs of crickets extend widely from their bodies. Additionally, crickets feature two distinct cerci—visible tips—at the rear of their abdomen.
Regarding wings, crickets position theirs flat on their backs, while locusts’ wings are situated on the sides of their bodies. Lastly, crickets tend to avoid direct sunlight; some even exhibit nocturnal behavior. Although they are capable of leaping, they generally prefer concealing themselves in burrows.